A Case Study on “Assessment of Groundwater Quality in and Around Namakkal District in Tamil Nadu”
This case study paper reviews ground water pollution to agriculture soil due to the natural shale value of heavy metals in soil system. Thus, untreated industrial effluents can cause an environmental threat to ground water resources and affects soil quality and agricultural plant productivity. To achieve unpolluted wastewater discharge into receiving water bodies, careful planning, adequate and suitable treatment, regular monitoring and appropriate legislations are necessary. Parameters that may be tested include temperature, pH, turbidity, salinity, nitrates, TDS, Captions, Anions and phosphates. Rapid Increase in population, Construction of residential complexes and wide spread Industrialization in Namakkal Town has drastically reduced the land area for wastewater disposal Groundwater pollution occurs when untreated or partially treated Industrial waste water are discharged on to the land or used for Irrigation, enabling the waste to migrate down the water table through soil. Rapid industrialization and use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides in agriculture are causing deterioration of water quality and depletion of aquatic biota. This aim of the case study was to assess the quality of the ground water and the impacts of the Municipal wastewater. This study will be very helpful to under-stand the impact/evaluation of the rate of dumping of effluent water in ground water and impact on the quality of water in terms of irrigation and the impacts onto the environment.
2. Adetunde L.A, Glover R.L.K &Oguntola G.O, “assessment of the ground water quality in Ogbomosho township of oyo state of nigeria”, IJRRAS8 (1) july 2011, 115-122.
3. C.Sadashivaia1, C.R.Ramakrishnaiah and G.Ranganna, “Hydro chemical Analysis and Evaluation of Groundwater Quality in TumkurTaluk, Karnataka State, India, International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 2008, 5(3) 158-164.
4. Environmental Canada (1999).State of the Great Lakes.Environmental Canada and the US Environmental Protection Agency, p. 8.Fuggle RF (1983).Nature and Ethics of Environmental Concerns.
5. Environmental Concerns in South Africa.Fuggle RF, Rabie MA (eds),Juta Cape Town.
6. M. R. G. Sayyed1, G. S. Wagh2, A. Supekar3, “Assessment of impact on the groundwater quality due to urbanization by hydro geochemical facies analysis in SE part of Pune city, India”, Proceedings of the International Academy of Ecology and Environmental Sciences, 2013, 3(2): 148-15.
7. Mohan S, Muralimohan N, Vidhya K, Sivakumar C T “A Case study on –Textile Industrial process, characterization and impacts of textile effluent” Indian Journal of Science & Research, Volume17 (1), pp.no: 080-084,2017
8. Mohan.S, Sivakumar.C.T, Tamilchelvan.P, Vidhya.K, Muralimohan.N“Reclamation of Nanjarayan lake by using Bioclean STP treatment Tirupur corporation in Tamilnadu, India”, International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research,(IJSER) ISSN 2229-5518 Vol.7 No.11 , pp.no.128-134,Nov- 2016
9. Neelakantan R, Sivakumar.C.T, “Conventional methods for Ground Water augmentation ofPanamaruthupatti block, Salem District,Tamil Nadu, India - A case study”, International Journal of Modern Engineering Research, Vol.5, Issue 1, pp.60-67, 2015.
10. ShimaaM.Ghoraba&A.D.Khan, “Hydro chemistry and groundwater quality assessment in Baluchistan province, Pakistan”, IJRRAS 17 (2) November 2013, 185-199
11. Sivakumar C.T, Neelakantan.R, “Assessment of Potential Recharge Sites based on Drinking and Irrigation Groundwater Quality in Panamaruthupatti Block, Salem, India using GIS Technique”, Asian Journal of Research in Social Sciences and Humanities, Vol. 6, No. 8, pp. 1923-1934, 2016.
12. Sivakumar C.T, Neelakantan.R, “GIS and Remote Sensing for Micro Level Augmentation of Groundwater Resources using WPR and CSI Techniques”, Asian Journal of Research in Social Sciences and Humanities Vol. 6, No. 8, pp. 1974-1992, 2016.
13. Sivakumar.C.T, Tamilchelvan.P, Mohan.S, Silambarasan. D, “Monthly variations in ground water quality in Mallasamudram village and adjacent areas, Namakkal District, Tamil Nadu, India (Post Monsoon season)”, International Journal of Applied Engineering Research, Vol.10, No.13, pp. 11733-11746, 2015.
14. Sivakumar.C.T, Tamilchelvan.P, Mohan.S, Sukanya.K, “Assessment of Ground Water Quality in Veerapandi Village and Adjacent Area, (Post Monsoon) Salem District, Tamil Nadu”, International Journal of Applied Engineering Research, Vol.10, No.85, pp. 42-50, 2015.
15. Subramani.T, Kathirvel.CSekar.S, Sivakumar.C.T, “Hydrogeological Studies At Jalakandapuram Sub – Basin Of Sarabanga Minor Basin, Salem District,Tamil Nadu “ International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications Vol. 4, Issue 12 (Version 4), pp.113-123, 2014.
16. Subramani.T, Sekar.S, Kathirvel.C, Sivakumar.C.T, “Geomatics Based Landslide Vulnerability Zonation Mapping - Parts Of Nilgiri District, Tamil Nadu, India”, International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications, Vol. 4, Issue 12(Version 3), pp.139-149, 2014.
17. Subramani.T, Sekar.S, Kathirvel.C, Sivakumar.C.T, ”Identification Of Soil Erosion Prone Zones Using Geomatics Technology In Parts Of North Arcot And Dharmapuri District”, International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications, Vol. 4, Issue 12(Version 3), pp.150-159, 2014.
18. Subramani.T, Sivakumar.C.T, Kathirvel.C, Sekar.S,” Identification Of Ground Water Potential Zones In Tamil Nadu By Remote Sensing And GIS Technique” International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications , Vol. 4 , Issue 12(Version 3), pp.127-138, 2014.