Biogas Production from Fruit and Vegetable Solid Waste Co Digested with Sugar Mill Waste Sludge

  • Velayutham T Assistant Professor in Civil Engineering, FEAT, Annamalai University, Annamalainagar – 608 002, Tamil Nadu, India.
  • Karthikeyan G Lecturer in Mechanical Engineering, Govt. Polytechnic College, Korukkai, Tamil Nadu, India..
Keywords: Anaerobic digesters, solid waste, waste sludge, cumulative biogas, inoculum

Abstract

Biogas (methane) production from batch anaerobic digesters containing varying concentration of sugar industry wastewater sludge as inoculums and organic fruit and vegetable market solid waste as a substrate was experimentally studied in this research. It was observed that biogas production was optimized with batch anaerobic digestion of fruit and vegetable solid waste. It was carried out for 60 days at room temperature with untreated sugar industry wastewater sludge as an inoculums with the varying concentration 10%, 20% and 30% of the working volume (Weight) of substrate. The performance of reactors was evaluated by measuring the daily biogas production at the room temperature and pH was maintained in the range of 6.8 to7.3 respectively. The maximum cumulative methane production is 597.66 ml/gVS. The biogas yields at the end of the 60days total cumulative biogas for R1, R2 and R3 was obtained as 382.48ml/gVS, 552.66ml/gVS and 597.66ml/gVS respectively from the reactors. At the end of the 60 days total cumulative biogas for Rc(control) was obtained as 196.85ml/gVS. It was observed that the methane content of the biogas generated from the reactors was in the range of 47–56% in control reactor and that forR1, R2and R3 were 56-61%, 60-67% and 65-74% respectively.

References

[1] Agdag, O.N. and Sponza, D.T, Co-digestion of mixed industrial sludge with municipal solid wastes in anaerobic simulated land filling bioreactors. J. Hazardous Materials vol. 140, pp. 75- 85, 2007.
[2] Apha, Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater, 17th ed. Washington, DC., 1989.
[3] Gomez, G., Cuetos, M.J., Cara J., Moran, A., Garcia, A.I. Anaerobic co-digestion of primary sludge and the fruit and vegetable fraction of the municipal solid wastes: Conditions for mixing and evaluation of the organic loading rate. Renewable Energy, vol. 31, pp. 2017- 2024, 2006.
[4] Hartmann, H., and Ahring, B.K. Anaerobic digestion of the organic fraction of municipal solid waste: Influence of co-digestion with manure. Water Research, vol. 39 (8), pp. 1543-1552, 2005.
[5] Hassan, R. Anaerobic digestion of sewage sludge and cattle manure for biogas production: influence of co-digestion. Int. Water Technol. J., vol. 4 (2), pp. 107 – 113, 2014.
[6] Igoni, A.H., Ayotamuno, M.J., Eze, C.L., Ogaji, S.O.T., Probert, S.D. (2008) Designs of anaerobic digesters for producing biogas from municipal solid-waste. Applied Energy, vol. 85, pp. 430–438, 2008.
[7] Komatsu, T., Kudo, K., Himeno, S. Anaerobic Co-digestion of Sewage Sludge and Enzyme Pretreated Rice Straw. J. of Japan Sewage Works Association, vol. 44, pp. 139-150, 2007.
[8] Krishna Nand, Sumithra Devi, S., PremaViswanath, S., Somayaji Deepak, Sarada, R., Anaerobic digestion of canteen wastes for biogas production: process optimisation. Process Biochemistry vol. 26, pp. 1–5, 1991.
[9] Lane, G., Laboratory scale anaerobic digestion of fruit and vegetable solid waste. Biomass vol. 5, pp. 245–259, 1984.
[10] Lebiocka, M., Piotrowicz, A. Co-digestion of sewage sludge and organic fraction of municipal solid waste. a comparison between laboratory and technical scales. Environ. Protect. Eng., vol. 38 (4), pp. 157 – 162, 2012.
[11] Mata-Alvarez, J., Llabres, P., Cecchi, F., Pavan, P., Anaerobic digestion of the Barcelona central food market organic wastes: experimental study. Bioresource Technology vol. 39, pp. 39–48, 1992.
[12] Mata-Alvarez, J., Mtz-Viturtia, A., Llabres-Luengo, P., Cecchi, F., Kinetic and performance study of a batch two-phase anaerobic digestion of fruit and vegetable wastes. Biomass and Bioenergy vol. 5 (6), pp. 481–488, 1993.
[13] Molnar, L., Bartha, I., Factors influencing solid-state anaerobic digestion, Biological wastes vol. 28, pp. 15–24, 1989.
[14] PremaViswanath, S., Sumithra Devi, S., Krishna Nand, Anaerobic digestion of fruit and vegetable processing wastes for biogas production. Bioresource Technology vol. 40, pp. 43–48, 1992.
[15] Ranade, D.R., Yeole, T.Y., Godbole, S.H., Production of biogas from market waste. Biomass vol. 13, pp. 147–153, 1987.
[16] Rao, M.S., Singh, S.P., Bioenergy conversion studies of organic fraction of MSW: kinetic studies and gas yield-organic loading relationships for process optimization. Bioresour. Technol., vol. 95, pp. 173–185, 2004.
[17] Rao, M.S., Singh, S.P., Singh, A.K., Sodha, M.S., Bioenergy conversion studies of the organic fraction of MSW: assessment of ultimate bioenergy production potential of municipal garbage. Applied Energy vol. 66, pp. 75–87, 2000.
[18] Richards, B.K., Cummings, R.J., White, T.E., Jewell, W.J., Methods for kinetic analysis of methane fermentation in high solids biomass digesters. Biomass and Bioenergy vol. 1 (2), pp. 65–73, 1991.
[19] Rughoonundun, H., Mohee, R, Holtzapple, M.T., Influence of carbon-to-nitrogen ratio on the mixed-acid fermentation of wastewater sludge and pretreated bagasse. Bioresource Technol., vol. 112, pp. 91-97, 2012.
Published
2019-11-02
How to Cite
T, V., & G, K. (2019). Biogas Production from Fruit and Vegetable Solid Waste Co Digested with Sugar Mill Waste Sludge. International Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Technovation, 1(6), 582-587. Retrieved from https://mapletreejournals.com/index.php/irjmt/article/view/337