Utilisation of Foundry Sand in Concrete - A Review
- Fine aggregate,
- industrial by-product,
- waste foundry sand (WFS),
- strength properties
Copyright (c) 2019 International Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Technovation
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
A Rise in urbanization and industrialization has led to over utilization of natural river sand, which affects environmental sustainability. Nowadays, due to the massive demand of river sand, M-sand has been replaced effectively and being used in the construction industry. Although M-Sand is desirably used, it can lead to more water and cement requirement to achieve the expected workability which in turn increases the cost of construction. Thus as an alternative solution, industrial by-product like waste foundry sand can be used. When sand can no-longer be reused in the foundry, it is known as waste foundry sand. As it is discarded in a landfill, it tends to pose several environmental impacts. In order to reduce the disposal problem, waste foundry sand is reused in engineering applications. In this paper, various strength and durability properties have been studied, and an overview of some of the research works on the utilization of waste foundry sand in concrete were given. Fine aggregate is replaced with different proportions of waste foundry sand (0-100%). From the results obtained, the optimum % replacement of foundry sand is found to be in the range of 20% to 40% based on the grade of concrete.
2. Gurpreet Singh, and Rafat Siddique, “Abrasion resistance and strength properties of concrete containing waste foundry sand (WFS),” Construction and Building Materials, vol. 28, pp. 421-426, 2012.
3. Thiruvenkitam Manoharan, Dhamothiran Laksmanan, Kaliyannan Mylsamy, Pandian Sivakumar, and Anirbid Sircar, “Engineering properties of concrete with partial utilization of used foundry sand,” Waste Management, vol. 71, pp. 454-460, 2018.
4. Rafat Siddique, Yogesh Aggarwal, Paratibha Aggarwal, El-Hadj Kadri, and Rachid Bennacer, “Strength, durability, and micro-structural properties of concrete made with used-foundry sand (UFS),” Construction and Building Materials, vol. 25, pp. 1916-1925, 2011.
5. K. Sarumathi, S. Elavenil, and A.S. Vinoth, “Use of waste foundry sand with multiscale modeling in concrete,” Asian Journal of Civil Engineering, vol.20, issue 2, pp. 163-170, 2018.
6. Gustavo J.L. Coppio, Maryangela Geimba de Lima, Julia W. Lencioni, Luciana S. Cividanes, Paulo P.O.L. Dyer, and Silvelene A. Silva, “Surface electrical resistivity and compressive strength of concrete with the use of waste foundry sand as aggregate,” Construction and Building Materials, vol. 212, pp. 514-521, 2019
7. Yucel Guney, Yasin Dursun Sari, Muhsin Yalcin, Ahmet Tuncan, and Senayi Donmez, “Re-usage of waste foundry sand in high-strength concrete,” Waste Management, vol. 30, pp. 1705-1713, 2010.
8. Maria Mavroulidou, and David Lawrence, “Can waste foundry sand fully replace structural concrete sand?” Journal of Material Cycles and Waste Management, vol.21, pp.594-605, 2019.
9. Yogesh Aggarwal, and Rafat Siddique, “Microstructure and properties of concrete using bottom ash and waste foundry sand as partial replacement of fine aggregates,” Construction and Building Materials, vol. 54, pp. 210-223, 2014.
10. Rafat Siddique, Gurpreet Singh, Rafik Belarbi, Karim Ait-Mokhtar, and Kunal, “Comparative investigation on the influence of spent foundry sand as partial replacement of fine aggregates on the properties of two grades of concrete,” Construction and Building Materials, vol. 83, pp. 216-222, 2015.
11. Ravinder Kaur Sandhu, and Rafat Siddique, “Strength properties and microstructural analysis of self-compacting concrete incorporating waste foundry sand,” Construction and Building Materials, vol. 225, pp. 371-383, 2019.
12. Gurpreet Singh, and Rafat Siddique, “Effect of waste foundry sand (WFS) as partial replacement of sand on the strength, ultrasonic pulse velocity and permeability of concrete,” Construction and Building Materials, vol. 26, pp. 416-422, 2012.