An Experimental Study on Bricks by Partial Replacement of Bagasse Ash
- Building materials
Copyright (c) 2019 International Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Technovation
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
The need for locally manufactured building materials has been emphasized in many countries of the world because of their easy availability & low cost. Bricks also have been regarded as one of the longest lasting and strongest building materials used throughout history. ordinary building bricks are made of a mixture of clay, which is subjected to various processes, differing according to the nature of the material, the method of manufacture and the character of the finished product. After being properly prepared the clay is formed in moulds to the desired shape, then dried and burnt. on seeing the present day demand for bricks, an attempt was made to study the behavior of bricks manufactured using, different waste materials like Bagasse ash with alumina sulphate, and lime was used to manufacture bricks. The main aim of this project was to compare the compressive strength of the bricks, so for this purpose different percentage of materials were separately added 6%, 8%, 16% & 20% by weight and then the compressive strength of the Bricks was established, and then with the help of graph a comparison between compressive strength of bricks, made out of Bagasse ash with alumina sulphate and normal brick was determined. Before manufacturing the bricks, different properties of the materials (Bagasse ash with alumina sulphate) was also verified. After that bricks were made & sun dried and some bricks were brunt & then with the help v of Compression Testing Machine (C.T.M.) finely their compressive strength was calculated. From this test in this project work it was concluded that the Bagasse ash was that waste material, which gave the acceptable compressive strength. The effects of the addition of Bagasse ash with alumina sulphate by percent-clay mix were also investigated. The admixtures were added in various combinations of proportions by weight (from 6 to 20%). The alumina sulphate, to contribute in attaining denser products with acceptable in compressive strengths, higher softening coefficients, lower water absorption rates, good compaction.
2. Chee-Ming Chan, 2011. Effects of natural fibers inclusion in clay bricks: physic-mechanical properties. Journal of International Journal of Civil and Environmental Engineering, 1: 51-57.
3. Eduardo, A., Dominguez, Rosa Ullman, 1996. Ecological bricks made with clay and steel dust pollutant. Journal of Applied by clay science, 11: 237- 249.
4. Faria, K.C.P., R.F. Gurgel, J.N.F. Holanda, 2012. Recycling of sugarcane bagasse ash waste in the production of clay bricks. Journal of Environmental Management, 101: 7-12.
5. Geiza, E., Oliveira, Jose Nilson Holand, 2004. Use of mix of clay/solid waste from steel works for civil construction materials. Journal of Waste Management, 22: 358-363.
6. Hanifi, B., A. Orhan, S. Tahir, 2005. Investigation of fibre reinforced mud brick as a building material. Journal of Construction and building material, 19: 313-318.
7. Luciana, C.S. Herek, Carla Eponina Hori, Miria Hespanhol Miranda Reis, Nora Diaz Mora, Ce´lia Regina Granhem Tavares, Rosaˆngela Bergamasco, 2012. Characterization of ceramic bricks incorporated with textile laundry sludge. Journal of Ceramics International, 28: 951-959.
8. Alleman, J.E. and N.A. Berman, 1984. Constructive sludge management: Biobrick. J. Environ. Eng., 110(2): 301-311.
9. Chin, T.L., L.C. Hui, H. Wen-Ching and R.H. Chi, 1998. A novel method to reuse paper sludge and co-generation ashes from paper mill. J. Hazard. Mater., 58: 93-102.
10. Chou, I.J., K.S. Wang, C.H. Chen and Y.T. Lin, 2006. Lightweight aggregate made from sewage sludge and incinerated ash. Waste Manage., 26: 1453-1461.
11. Milica, A., R. Zagorka and S. Slavka, 2012. Removal of toxic metals from industrial sludge by fixing in brick structure. J. Constr. Build. Mater., 37(2012): 7-14.
12. Chatveera, B., P. Lertwattanaruk and N. Makul, 2005. Effect of sludge water from ready-mixed concrete plant on properties and durability of concrete. J. Cement Concrete Compos., 28(5): 441-450.
13. Joan, A.C. and S. Cecilia, 2011. Valorization of pellets from municipal WWTP sludge in lightweight clay ceramics. J. Waste Manage., 31(6): 1372-1380.
14. Badr, E.D.E.H., A.F. Hanan and M.H. Ahmed, 2012. Incorporation of water sludge, silica fume and rice husk ash in brick making. J. Adv. Environ. Res., 1: 83-96.
15. D.L. NarsimhaRao, Editor “Cement and Building Materials Form Industrials Wastes Proceedings of the national conference” July 24-25' 1992 (India).
16. Indian Concrete Journal, July 1992 Subject: i) new trend in bricks and blocks: the role of FaL-G N. Bhanumathidas and N.Kalidas.
17. Indian Standard, Guidelines For Utilisation and Disposal of Fly Ash, IS: 10153 - 1982, Indian Standards Institution, New Delhi.
18. Indian Standard Specification For Fly Ash, IS : 3812 ( Part I) - 1966 For Use As Pozzolana IS : 3812 ( Part II) - 1966 For Use As Admixture For Concrete, Indian Standards Institution, New Delhi.
19. Jayesh Pitroda (2010); paper on “A study of utilization aspect of fly ash in Indian context”.
20. Kesarjan Building Centre Pvt. Ltd., Kerala G.I.D.C., Near Bavla District, Ahmadabad. - Promoted by Govt, of India, through “Housing and Urban Development Corporation (HUDCO)".
21. New Building Materials and Construction World October, 2000, B.N.Agrawal, S.M.Kohli.
22. Niroumand, H. “Geotechnical and Waste Materials”, ICSW 2010, Twenty- Fifth International Conference on Solid Waste Technology and Management, Philadelphia, USA. 14-17 March 2009.
23. Samir Mistry (2002); “Thesis report on study on compressive strength of fly ash bricks”, Sardar Patel university, V.V.Nagar.
24. The Indian Concrete Journal 'November 1993 Subject: i) Commercialization of fly ash. --P.C. Gupta and S.C. Ray.
25. The main basic concept of this test is based on Journal of Institute of Engineers,Vol. 82, June 2001 by N.N. Bhise, CBRI, Roorkee.
26. Workshop on Utilization of Fly Ash, May 19-20, 1988 (Roorkee).