IoT, an Emerging Technology for Next Generation Medical Devices in Support of Cardiac Health Care – A Comprehensive Review
Cardiac diseases are the major causes of death in both developed and developing nations. As per WHO, it is estimated around 17.9 million people died due to cardiovascular diseases which accounts for 31% of all global deaths every year. More than 75% deaths occur in middle and low income countries. Globally, the main reason for the fatality of cardiac patients is Stroke and Heart attack, secondly the unavailability of doctors and insufficiency of hospitals with proper infrastructure in remote areas. Around the world, only few cardiologists are available, especially in developing countries like India; around 64 million peoples are suffering from different types of cardiac diseases with just about 4000 cardiologist. The ratio between the availability of cardiologist and cardiac patients varies significantly, which leads to alternative measures to monitor the patients from their respective places to prevent the death. In recent days Internet of Things (IoT) is the most innovative technologies that revolutionize the health care sector by providing modern medical devices for diagnosing, monitoring and treating patients with several diseases. IoT help the people who are at higher risk of getting diseases and make them to live a healthy life. This review paper is aimed to explore the benefits, applications and challenges of IoT based medical devices which are designed to diagnose and monitor the cardiovascular diseases and also give an insight about the overwhelming superiority of IoT in solving the problems arising due to heart diseases by expanding the medical resources and its availability.
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