The Future in Metal Matrix Composites for Automotive Industry: A Review

  • Suresh Vellingiri Holy Mary Institute of Technology and Science
Keywords: MMCs, Aluminium alloy, Automotive, Wear resistance, High strength, brake, piston and cylinder

Abstract

Automobile industries are mortal focused to progressively more stringent fuel financial system desires, whereas patrons are challenging enhanced internal comforts and sophisticated electronic systems for protection, routing, and amusement, all of which add otherwise redundant weight. To meet these challenges, automotive makers are turning to light-weight metals as an answer. Strict needs that are placed on mechanical constructions from the side of increase of exploitation periods and reduction of their weights, therefore of their prices as well, implicate developments and applications of latest composite materials with matrices of light-weight metals. Composite materials with metal matrices are used for engine cylinders, pistons, disc, and drum brakes and for other elements in the automotive and aviation industry. The most important type of metallic materials is composite materials with matrices of aluminum alloys due to a set of their beneficial properties. Improvement of mechanical, especially tribological properties of hybrid composites were provided by the use of certain reinforce materials such as SiC, Al2O3, and graphite in defined weight or volumetric share. New developed hybrid composites with aluminum matrices have significantly higher resistance to wear, higher specific stiffness and higher resistance to fatigue. By the increase in quantities of produced elements made of hybrid composites, a decrease in their prices is induced that even further enlarge their applications. The applications of aluminum hybrid composites are considered from the aspect and with the focus on the automotive industry.

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Published
2018-11-30
How to Cite
Vellingiri, S. (2018). The Future in Metal Matrix Composites for Automotive Industry: A Review. International Research Journal of Automotive Technology, 1(6), 88-100. Retrieved from https://mapletreejournals.com/index.php/IRJAT/article/view/68